An international team led by Florent Détroit of the National Museum of Natural History in Paris has discovered a new human species: Homo luzonensis. He lived on the island of Luzon (Philippines) at least 50,000 to 67,000 years ago and has both primitive and modern anatomical features.
Homo luzonensis is a species that developed like Homo floresiensis in Indonesia isolated from other humans. This phenomenon is called insular endemism and can be explained by the separation of the island from the mainland by a waterway and a largely isolated flora and fauna. How Homo luzonensis got there, however, remains a mystery.
Homo luzonensis lived more than 50,000 years ago on Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines. Thirteen fossil remains have been found, which can be attributed to at least three different individuals. The findings were recently published in the journal Nature.
This discovery fuels debate among paleoanthropologists. In Florent Détroit’s opinion, his» protégé «fully meets the most important criterion:» He’s unlike anything we already know! « It is a combination of archaic and modern features that differs significantly from and enriches the previously known species of the genus Homo. He belongs to a group that emerged over 2.5 million years ago and meets three criteria: upright gait, increasing brain volume and use of tools.